International consolidating contracting guam
Additional changes made in 2013 included clarifying that Japan would contribute up to .1 billion in FY12 US dollars in direct cash contributions to develop facilities and infrastructure in Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (The 2012 Security Consultative Committee Joint Statement estimated the total cost of the Guam relocation to be .6 billion.) and affirming that the Government of the United States of America, with the intent to provide reasonable access, would favorably consider requests by the Government of Japan to use training areas in Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Guam, which is often described as at the "tip of the spear," is the forward most US territory in the Western Pacific and is therefore critical to America's defense posture in the Asia/Western-Pacific region.
The lava remains of the southern volcano, the younger of the 2, eventually fused with the older northern crater whose limestone top had been formed during a long period underwater by an extensive coral polyp community.
Geologists say the island was formed millions of years ago when a pair of volcanoes sank beneath the ocean and left behind 2 separate chunks of land.On 3 October 2013, in Tokyo, Japan, US Secretary of State John Kerry, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, Japan Minister of Foreign Affairs Fumio Kishida, and Minister of Defense Itsunori Onodera signed the Protocol Amending the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Japan Concerning the Implementation of the Relocation of III Marine Expeditionary Force Personnel and Their Dependents from Okinawa to Guam.This amended the Guam International Agreement, which had been signed in 2009, implementing a key aspect of the 2006 Realignment Roadmap for the Japanese island of Okinawa by providing a framework for reducing the footprint of the US military presence there, while still maintaining operational capability and a credible deterrent.The widest area, between Orote and Ylig Points, was approximately 12 miles; the shortest distance across the island was about 4 miles.A close scientific examination of Guam revealed 4 main physical divisions to the island: the northern limestone plateau, the dissected volcanic plateau in the south, the south-central basin area and the fringing reef areas of the coastal lowlands.